Live Oak County Judge: Honorable Jim Huff
Live Oak County Historical Commission Chair: Leslie Walker
LOCHC Marker Chair: Richard Hudson
Assistant Chair: Janis Hudson
Live Oak County Jail Sponsors: Albert and Mari Davila
Live Oak County Jail Recorded Texas Historic Landmark text:
LIVE OAK COUNTY JAIL
OAKVILLE, SEAT OF LIVE OAK COUNTY FROM 1856-1919, FIRST CALLED "ON THE SULPHUR" WAS NEAR A NUECES RIVER CROSSING CALLED PUENTE DE LA PIEDRA (ROCK CROSSING). JOSEPH BARTLETT BUILT A STONE COURTHOUSE AND ATTACHED LOG JAIL IN 1857 AS A CENTER OF AUTHORITY. THE COUNTY BECAME PART OF THE GROWING CATTLE INDUSTRY FOLLOWING THE CIVIL WAR. OAKVILLE SERVED AS A COMMERCE HUB FOR FREIGHT WAGONS AND A PLACE FOR RANCHERS TO BUY SUPPLIES. THE JAIL, WITH SHERIFF HEADQUARTERS, MADE THE TOWN SEEM SAFER. J.S. CAMPBELL OVERSAW THE REBUILDING OF THE COURTHOUSE WITH THE JAIL PLACED INSIDE DURING THE 1870s. BY 1887, OAKVILLE CONSTRUCTED A FREE-STANDING TWO-STORY STONE ITALIANATE-STYLE JAIL. THE JAIL HELD FRONTIER CRIMINALS RANGING FROM BAR FIGHTERS TO HORSE THIEVES. IN 1919, AFTER LOSING A RAILWAY BID, A COUNTY ELECTION SELECTED THE TOWN OF GEORGE WEST AS THE NEW COUNTY SEAT. THE OLD JAIL BECAME ONE OF THE FEW STANDING STRUCTURES IN OAKVILLE.
THE OAKVILLE JAIL IS MADE OF SANDSTONE FROM A NEARBY QUARRY. IT IS CORNICED WITH HEAVY SANDSTONE AS WELL. THE STONE FACADES AND CORNERS ARE COVERED IN WHITE STUCCO. WINDOW SILLS REMAIN, SHOWING PERIOD VENTILATION. THE FIRST FLOOR HAD A RECEPTION ROOM, OFFICE AND LIVING QUARTERS. THE SECOND FLOOR HOUSEED JAIL CELLS, THREE FOR GENERAL HOLDING AND A FOURTH FOR WOMEN AND JUVENILES. THERE ARE TWO CORBELLED CHIMNEYS, AND A METAL CISTERN AT THE REAR OF THE BUILDING. THE DESIGN IS FROM THE DIEBOLD LOCK AND SAFE COMPANY OF CANTON, OHIO. THE OAKVILLE JAIL AND ITS TTWIN IN MILLS COUNTY WITH THEIR UNIQUE DIEBOLD ARCHITECTURE ARE BOTH LISTED IN THE NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES. (RECORDED TEXAS HISTORIC LANDMARK - 2015) MARKER IS PROPERTY OF THE STATE OF TEXAS.
APPLICATION NARRATIVE and BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR LIVE OAK COUNTY JAIL OFFICIAL RECORDED TEXAS HISTORIC LANDMARK MARKER:
Live Oak County Jail Recorded Texas Historical Landmark (RTHL) Narrative
The Live Oak County Jail RTHL application was submitted by Marker Chair, Richard Hudson. The narrative required for a site already approved by the National Register is the same as the Live Oak County Jail National Register application. Visit Live Oak County Jail-National Register for this information. Thanks to Albert and Mari Davila forthis photo from their website.
Old Oakville Nostalgia
The Live Oak County Historical Commission proudly announced the October 31st, 2015, 2:00 PM, Live Oak County Jail unveiling of its Recorded Texas Historic Marker.
On that day the public was invited to tour properties restored by Albert and Mari Davila on the Oakville Square. Docents (some in period dress), music, and light refreshments shared the story of the jail and a few original settlers’ proud heritage. Some folks, whose ancestors once lived in this special place, still live there, while others live throughout Live Oak County and beyond.
Over the course of its first fifty years, Oakville and its people produced amazing stories of endurance and fortitude, long remembered. Stories of the Civil War, cowboys, gunslingers, banditos, desperados, Indian depredations, and Texas Rangers birthed its Wild West image.
But there is a gentler, nobler side to Oakville that becomes lost in those frenzied stories of old. Below are excerpts sent to the Live Oak Herald and later recorded in Ervin Sparkman’s The People’s History of Live Oak County, Texas. Irvine Dungan, a teacher from Ohio who instructed children in the Oakville School between 1892 and 93 about five years after this last Oakville Jailhouse was built, published this nostalgic letter in 1941. We too empathize with the scenes and names many Live Oak County folks only remember from ancestral oral histories.
“Lately, I have been having homesickness for Oakville, and to see some of the boys and girls who went to school to me. I had those [students] from about twelve to eighteen in age; and the younger ones were taught by Miss Patty Reagan, fine and capable.
My oldest pupils were three brothers, Willie Lyne and the twins, Reuben and Rufus. I often think of them and the big box of hides they sent me, of Mexican leopard, bob-cats, deer and wild hog that they had shot, which gave me some attractive rugs.
I recall Bert McBride, and a pet raccoon which he brought to school one day. I told the youngsters that we would let Bert keep the little fellow inside, leashed to the desk, for safety if we all would not let it distract our attention from our work. It was too far for Bert to take the pet back at once. He and his sister came three or four miles to school in a cart.
I remember Eugene Nation, a keen, fine looking lad; and Green Cude, a bit lanky, and the Wheelis boys, Green, Sam, Ira, and Dillard. Sam would be out of school for a few days now and then to break a pony. Some of the girls in school were Mamie Gilmore, and Tidy, daughters of Captain Gilmore, who was on the school board, also the daughter of Mr. Atkins, the editor [of The Live Oak County Leader]; Flora Wright; Nellie Wimmer, and Fay Hatfield.
Out of school, I remember Dr. Orr and his drug store; Otto Wimmer and his big general store; Mr. Hatfield, blacksmith and teacher of the Methodist Men’s Class, which I attended; Eugene Reagan, of a sterling manliness, Miss Patty’s brother, who had lately brought down from Kentucky a car-load of horses, with [an African-American. Dungan used the politically correct term at the time “Negro”.] who got a job at the Chester House, and whom I taught to read and write a little, so he could read his mother’s letters and answer them. (And Jim used to ring the first bell for breakfast, then come and stick his head in my door and say, ‘P’fessor, I’ve got de cream at your end of the table.’)
I used to enjoy going to Judge Cox’s office in the court house for little chats with him—C.C. Cox, born in my state of Ohio, next a boy in Tennessee, then to Texas where he was in the navy of independent Texas, later in the Confederate Navy. Captain Gilmore, a Confederate Cavalry officer, was an encouraging friend, and a most interesting narrator of experiences of a cultured and splendid man.
I recall Squire Chester, of course, a Connecticut Yankee who became a Texas Justice of the Peace, and proprietor of the Chester House where I lived in Oakville.
In the Chester House, in a September court week, one of the visiting lawyers shared my room—General Bagby, a Confederate brigadier general who told me many interesting things about his West Point days, and his visits to Washington where his father was a U.S. Senator from Alabama, and where he got to see and hear men like Calhoun, Clay, and Webster.
General Bagby told me he had never taken the oath of allegiance after the war, to be able to vote, but he had a good friend and client who was in a hot race for sheriff, ‘and he is insisting on my taking the oath so I can vote for him, and I reckon I’ll do it.’
Templeton kept a hotel near the Chester House, who as a boy of about fifteen had been a guard in the Confederate prison stockade at Camp Ford, near Tyler, Texas at a certain time in the war—which happened to be part of the time that my father and his Nineteenth Iowa regiment were prisoners there, captured in a fight near Morgan’s Bend, Louisiana.
I would rather hear that Oakville orchestra now than any other music I know. There was Paul Bauer and his flute, Herman Wimmer and his banjo, George Orrick with his harmonica, and a blind man, Eddie Lyons with his violin.
My favorite loafing place was Paul Bauer’s shop, and secretary of the school board, also chairman of the Democratic County Committee. When Congressman Crain came to town for a meeting, (my father and Mr. Crain being friends in Washington) Mr. Bauer got a pint of whiskey and gave it to me to slip quietly to Mr. Crain at the hotel, so there would be no need to go to the saloon; I surreptitiously eased the package to Mr. Crain, who passed it around to the half-dozen or more men in his hotel room before he took a drink himself. Interesting group and interesting speech at the court house afterwards. Mr. Crain was a man of eloquence and personal charm.
Paul Bauer shaped for me an 18-inch leather strap for emergency use at school, saying, ‘switches don’t keep.’ I had to use the strap only two or three times.
George Orrick and Herman Wimmer were mighty good pals—horseback rides, music, lemonade made with cold water from a well back of the store, sugar from the Wimmer store an lemon extract and tartaric acid from the drug store, lemons and ice being at that time unobtainable in Oakville except as ‘special’.”
Well, the editor definitely cut. We can only imagine what was left out. Thanks, Mr. Dungan, for this small window into Oakville’s past.
The Honorable Jim Huff, County Judge for Live Oak County, welcomes you to the Live Oak County Historical Commission (LOCHC) Website. The Live Oak County Historical Commission is an arm of the Live Oak County Commissioners' Court; appointees are selected at the beginning of odd numbered years and serve two year terms. Judge Huff and the Live Oak County Commissioners support and approve actions of the LOCHC in coordination with the Texas Historical Commission (THC).
Live Oak County Commissioners:
Precinct 1: Richard Lee
Precinct 2: Donna Kopplin Mills
Precinct 3: Willie James
Precinct 4: Emilio Garza
The Commissioner's Court is committed to the preservation of our county's history. Judge Huff and your local commissioner welcome suggestions.